Located in the North eastern part of Rajasthan, Bharatpur is known for its world famous bird sanctuary- ranked amongst the finest bird sanctuaries of the world. Also known as 'the Eastern Gateway to Rajasthan', the town is located at a distance of 184 Km from Delhi and 55 Km from Agra.
Once an impregnable well fortified city, Bharatpur was founded by Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1733 AD. The town was the stronghold of the Jats in the 17th and 18th century and along with Deeg and Dholpur has played a very important role in the history of Rajasthan. They successfully opposed the mighty Mughals on many occasions and later the powerful British forces. Lohagarh Fort, the18th century fort at Bharatpur, successfully withstood attacks by the British in 1805 and 1825.
Today, Bharatpur is world renowned for the 'Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary' also known as the 'Keoladeo National Park'. Popularly referred as 'Ornithologist's Paradise' by the bird lovers, the sanctuary shelters over 400 bird species including the world-famous Siberian Cranes, who are special guests of the sanctuary during the winters.
Other must see attractions in Bharatpur are
Lohagarh Fort: Lohagarh, which literally means the 'Iron Fort', was built by Maharaja Suraj Mal in the early 18th century. True to its name, the strong fort withstood a number of British attacks. Surrounded by an artificial island from all sides, the fort boasts three beautiful palaces within its precincts - Kishori Mahal, Mahal Khas and Kothi Khas- all on the verge of decaying.
The Palace: One of the beautiful remnants of the royal past, the Bharatpur Palace represents a fine blend of the Mughal and Rajput architectural styles. The magnificent apartments and intricately designed floor tiles having interesting patterns, never fail to impress its visitors.
Government Museum: The Government Museum is situated inside one of the palaces in the Lohagarh Fort. The museum displays a rich collection of artifacts, paintings, weapons, exquisitely carved sculptures and ancient inscriptions.
Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj: Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj are two magnificent victory towers built by Maharaja Suraj Mal to commemorate his victories over the Mughals and British respectively. Standing majestically within the glorious ramparts of the fort, the towers showcase the might of powerful Jats.
How to Reach
By Air: The nearest airport is Agra at a distance of 56 km. From Agra, daily flights are available for Delhi, Mumbai, Varanasi and Lucknow.
By Rail: Bharatpur is well connected by regular rail services connect with several cities on Delhi-Mumbai trunk route, Jaipur and Agra.
By Bus: A good network of bus services connects Bharatpur with Delhi, Jaipur and other major cities in north and western India.
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